Qi Deng Sheng’s novels have long been sparking high controversies as characters in his writings are regarded by critics as his own incarnation, while Qi Deng Sheng is criticized as a writer embracing individualism with the inclination of anti-social behavior and Nihilism. Notwithstanding, some critics believe that he is a writer embracing a heart of sympathy, observing human nature through cool detachment, and showing ardor towards the mortal life. These polarized appraisals have become an obstacle to conduct in-depth research into his works.
This article attempts to clarify Qi Deng Sheng’s polarized appraisals by means of the distinction of “writer on autonomy” and “writer on justice,” since many critics have treated his works from the perspectives of “writers on justice,” that is, the concern with the social justice and solidarity. However, being a “writer on autonomy,” Qi Deng Shang’s writings emphasize the concern with self creation and personal perfection. Qi Deng Shang has been tangled with the inner logic in the search of self and others’ recognition. Writing under the tension of these two desires has turned out to be one way for him to shape this ego and attempt to search for the answers. Eventually, these factors contribute to his unique writing style.
This text aims to explain Qi Deng Sheng’s writing style and controversies on his novels by employing such clarification, to flourish the theoretical foundation for the interpretation of his works.