In the twentieth century China, with the introduction of Balzac’s literature and the rise of philosophers such as Engels, “elegy” gradually became synonymous with The Human Comedy. While the comparative literature turned into noticeable, The Dream of the Red Chamber was also categorized into the elegiac literature. However, after half a century, such an argument arouses a controversy: is The Dream of the Red Chamber the same as The Human Comedy that sings the dirge for the nobility? In this thesis, we will be focusing the problem of “nobility” by examining points made by scholars from both sides, and then try to come up with a reasonable conclusion. First, we will try to comprehend how “nobility” is defined by both sides and how it works for them; next, the discussion will be on the relation between Balzac's literature and elegiac literature. Lastly, we will distinguish the likes and differences between the two pieces through the problem of “nobility” as presented in the novel.