“The Analects of Confucius” emphasizes the “subjectivity” and “intrinsic
morality”, which means learning to be a man. From relevant literature of
Confucius's benevolence and righteousness, this essay expounds that the
“benevolence” itself is the source of value. Thus, all the shortcomings that may
be derived from the understanding of traditional Chinese thoughts by western
philosophical theories will not damage the value generated by the Confucian
practice of benevolence and righteousness.
For more than two thousand years, the development of Confucian culture
has taken the “benevolence” as the spiritual index of the highest level of life.
Confucian benevolence is to love the people and things, be benevolent not to
kill, and stop killing and violence, and its decree is from “I and all creatures in
the world are from the same one source in the most essence”. Therefore, the
behavior of practicing the benevolence is the righteousness. If one person only
knows to benefit oneself but does not know to love other people and things, it is
contrary to the principle of one source.
However, the whole analects are broad in conception and meticulous in
details, and are not easy to be interpreted systematically. This essay tries to
explain Confucius' thoughts more clearly through different ways of thinking and
expression, so as to show the extraordinary success of the Analects of Confucius.