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第 74  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (63)
國際公共衛生緊急事件中的政策透明度
Transparency during Public Health Emergencies of International Concern
作者 陳嘉新
Author Jia-shin Chen
關鍵詞 國際公共衛生緊急事件COVID–19政策透明度問責性民眾參與
Keywords public health emergency of international concern, COVID-19, transparency, accountability, public participation
摘要 國際公共衛生緊急事件既是民眾生命的重大危機,也是政治、經濟、社會、文化、倫理等多重層次的挑戰。需要政府與人民合作,才能渡過難關。促成政府與人民合作的一個關鍵在於政策的透明度,也就是政府對人民公開揭露疫情訊息與政治決策;但透明度除了民眾取得感興趣的訊息之外,還包括民眾參與政治決策以及政府的問責性等面向。本文以COVID–19為例,強調政策透明化需要更多的民眾參與,以促成更令人信服的問責機制;本文也討論各類民眾參與的方式,以及需要注意的事項。
Abstract Public health emergencies of international concern are a major threat to people’s lives, constituting a multi-level challenge to politics, economy, society, culture, and ethics. Collaboration between the government and its people is essential. A key to the collaboration is transparency, which usually refers to the disclosure of epidemic-related information and political decisions to the public. In addition to access to information of public interest, transparency includes public participation in political decisions and government accountability. This article takes COVID-19 as an example to address the necessity of public participation in terms of transparency as a way of making accountability convincing. This article also discusses a number of channels by which the public participate in the improvement of transparency, along with some precautions that need to be noted.
疫病、隔離與健康
/ 黃雅嫺    Ya-Hsien Huang
1
效益主義的幽靈:大COVID時代的公共衛生倫理反思
/ 葉明叡、李柏翰    Ming-Jui Yeh, Po-Han Lee
21
從救生艇倫理學反思COVID-19大流行時期的資源援助問題
/ 林恩志    En-Chih Lin
41
福禍相倚的台灣後疫情挑戰:一個比較歷史的生命倫理學視角
/ 蔡篤堅    Duu-Jian Tsai
67
性哲學及其不滿──論高德曼的簡性
/ 甯應斌    Yin-Bin Ning
95
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