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第 71  期

Special Issue

COVID 19-Ethical Controversies That Aroused due to the Dissemination of the Pandemic
作者 釋昭慧
Author Chao-Hwei Shih
關鍵詞 新冠病毒人畜共通疾病棲地變更集約化動物農場基因轉殖疫苗動物實驗人體實驗
Keywords COVID-19, Zoonoses, habitat alteration, Intensive farming of animals, Transgene, Vaccine, Animal experiment, Human experiment
摘要 「嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎」(COVID-19) 已是當代一場全球性大瘟疫,人類追求「極大化」的慣性企圖,竟然敗給「極小化」的新冠病毒。
1. 野生動物的棲地變更與人畜的快速移動。
2. 經濟動物的集約化飼養與野生動物的人工飼養。
3. 人工合成病毒與跨物種基因轉殖工程。
接著,我將就第二項「病毒名稱」與第四項「疫苗問題」中,有關疫情命名的爭端,以及國產疫苗研發與施打所涉及的動物實驗與人體實驗,從佛法的觀點敘明管見。至於開發疫苗所涉及的標準作業流程 (SOP),筆者強烈反對動物實驗納入SOP,並質疑:「動物實驗」作為醫藥研究必要條件,背後隱藏著一套西方「人類沙文主義」的思考邏輯。其次讚賞古漢醫以自體作為藥性測試的實驗對象的良好傳統。更期待有一天,所有未經「知情同意」且具高風險的人體實驗,以及所有會遭致痛苦的動物實驗,都能予以廢止。
Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a contemporary global plague, has confronted us with an ironic situation: while human beings constantly pursue great achievement of our goals, we are currently defeated by a tiny virus.
There are mainly four types of controversies that surround COVID-19. First, the source of contagion. Second, the naming of this virus. Third, the prevention strategies and fourth, the testing and release of available vaccinesall of which have turned into major political issues across the globe. These topics have become the focal point of dispute on social media and have distracts us from more important discussions about the pandemic.
In this thesis, I began the discussion with the source contagion with the analysis of ethical controversy regarding zoonosis, an infectious disease that has crossed the species barrier between animals and humans. There are three major
reasons for the transmission and spread of the virus:
1. The alteration of wild animal habitats and the ease of transportation of human beings and livestock.
2. The collective breeding of intensively farmed animals and the domestic breeding of wild animals.
3. Artificially synthesized viruses and transgene engineering across species.

Following that, this thesis will investigate the second and the fourth controversies. Then on the matter of vaccines, I would like to take a closer look at the animal and human experimentation that was involved in the research and development of UB-612, Taiwan’s domestic COVID vaccine, and offer my
humble opinion from the Buddhist perspective.

Furthermore, I hold a position that is strongly opposed to the default animal experimentation that is standard operating procedure (SOP) of vaccine research and development. I question the use of animals in western medical research-a methodology which seems to stem from human chauvinism. In comparison, I would discuss the fine tradition of Chinese medicine that tests new medicines on human beings in the initial stage. I hope that through this discussion, we can all look forward to a future without animal experimentation and high risk human experimentation that may also lack the process of informed consent.
二十一世紀新冠肺炎全球流行病之倫理法律社會與政策之意涵 (ELSPI)
/ 李瑞全    Shui-Cheun Lee
/ 蔡篤堅    Duujian Tsai
COVID-19 大流行引發之醫療倫理議題
/ 陳祖裕    Cho-Yu Chan
/ 蕭玉霜    Yu-Shuang Hsiao
/ 釋照量    Zhao-Liang Shi
大 COVID 時代的疫苗分配與接種政策倫理考量
/ 葉明叡    Ming-Jui Yeh
/ 陳妤嘉    Yu-Chia Chen
/ 金美華    Mei-Hua Chin
/ 李瑞全    Shui-Chuen Lee

/     Bunrong Kouy
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