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第 31  期

Special Issue

An Innovative “Seizing of the Embryo” and “Changing of the Bone”: An Analysis of Yan Jidao’s Borrowing of Poetic Lines in his “Shi Poet’s Method of Composition,” as seen in his Xiaoshan ci
作者 卓清芬
Author Ching-fen Cho
關鍵詞 晏幾道小山詞借鑒詩句詩人句法
Keywords Yan Jidao, Xiaoshan ci, borrowing from poetic lines, shi poet’s method of composition
摘要 北宋著名詞人晏幾道(1038-1110),有《小山詞》一卷行世。其摯友黃庭堅(1045-1105)在〈小山詞序〉中提及晏幾道的詞作「寓以詩人之句法」,為其後「以詩為詞」的討論開啟了先聲。
Abstract The famous Northern Song ci poet Yan Jidao (1038-1110) left the world his ci poetry collection
Xiaoshan ci (Ci Poems of Yan Xiaoshan). In the collection’s preface, Yan’s close friend Huang Tingjian (1045-1105) highlighted Yan’s writing of ci poems as using the method of composition of a shi poet. This inaugurated the discussion of the methodology of “turning shi poems into ci poems” in the mid-Northern Song period.

“Turning shi poems into ci poems” refers to the penetration and influence of shi poetry on ci poetry in terms of content, subject matter, style, mood, and rhetorical techniques. In the Yuanyou period (1086-1194), this methodology became common in ci poetry writing. This was most commonly seen in the technique of borrowing from the works of poets in the past, and it was also a manifestation of Huang Tingjian’s important theory of poetry ── “to seize the embryo” and “to change the bone” (“duotai huangu”) and “to change iron into gold” (“diantie cheng jin”) in the writing of ci poetry.
This article analyzes Yan Jidao’s Xiaoshan ci to improve our knowledge of Yan’s technique of borrowing lines from former poets, and discusses the significance of Yan’s techniques in the development of ci poetry. This includes the fusing in form of ci and shi poetry, writing ci poetry with the methods and attitude applied in shi poetry, rhetorical refinement and meaning innovation, the display of a pure and lofty style of shi poetry in resplendent ci poetry, and the aesthetic requirement of elegance and indirectness. It also discusses ci poets’ comments on Yan’s borrowing of the lines of former poets in his Xiaoshan ci, in order to grasp the individuality of his ci poetry.
/ 王次澄、李力庸    Tzi-cheng Wang, Li-yung Lee
/ 朱曉海    Sherman Chu
/ 程章燦    Zhangcan Cheng
/ 鞏本棟    Bendong Gong
/ 劉素芬    Sufen Liu
/ 李道緝    Tao-chi Lee
/ 楊祖漢    Cho-hon Yang
Literati Culture in Ming Dynasty Drinking Games Using Cards
/ Andrew Lo    盧慶濱
Roetz, Heiner. Die chinesische Ethik der Achsenzeit: Eine Rekonstruktion unter dem Aspekt des Durchbruchs zu postkonventionellem Denke
/ 林遠澤    
/ 伊藤桃子    
Damousi, Joy. Freud in the Antipodes: A Cultural History of Psychoanalysis in Australia
/ Jean-Francois Vernay    
Virno, Paolo. A Grammar of the Multitude
/ Lily Wong    
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