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第 65  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (70)
建置「禮樂」的完型 (Gestalt) 結構 — 禮樂文明的源流、原理與實踐
Construct the Gestalt Structure of "Rites-Music": Culture of Ritual and Music’s Origin, Principle and Practicing
作者 曾暐傑
Author Wei-Chieh Tseng
關鍵詞 禮樂完型理論興於詩立於禮成於樂
Keywords Rites-Music 禮樂, Theory of Gestalt, Prosper with Poems 興於詩, Stand with Manners 立於禮, ccomplish with Music 成與樂
摘要 禮樂文明是中華文化的核心,甚至可以說「禮樂」文化是漢
語哲學場域中集體無意識的符碼與象徵。然而過往對於儒學與禮樂文化的研究,多半強調「禮」的內涵與價值,而對於「樂」的論述少有著墨。其實,「禮樂」文化是由「禮」與「樂」兩個層次所組成,「禮樂」應該被視為一完型結構去理解,才能彰顯禮樂的意義與價值。此點可由孔子所謂「興於詩,立於禮,成於樂」的論述探得端倪。正因為「禮樂」不僅僅是一種外在制約的規範或道德準則,亦非單純具有強制性意義的道德根源,其更具有富於感染力與柔性力量「樂」的成分;如此才能達到「樂合同,禮別異」的互補效果,在完型結構中成為漢語哲學圈歷久不衰的道德能量場,形成一種集體無意識。
Abstract Civilization of rites and music 禮樂文明 not only is the core of Chinese culture, but also the symbol of collective unconscious in Chinese philosophical field. However, in the past, the studies of Confucianism mostly emphasized the value of "ritual", while ignored the meaning of "music." In fact, the culture of "rites-music" is composed of two parts:"ritual" and "music," but why we usually only discuss the "ritual" but not
"music"? In order to demonstrate the meaning and value of "rites-music," we should regarded "Rites-music" as a "Gestelt structure" to understand. This is why Confucius said, "Prosper with poems, stand with manners, accomplish with music." Just because "rites-music" not only the moral norm to constraint men, but also the power and energy that could make the emotional contagion to the subject. In the conclusion, we should know "ritual" make the different and "music" make the same. "Rites-music" is the Gestelt conception, so we couldn’t divide the ritual and music as two parts,but need always make ritual and music together, and "rites-music" could show it meaning and value completely.
創所卅週年紀念專號導言
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
1
訪談音響世界開拓者黃新民
/ 蕭振邦、黃新民    Jenn-Bang Shiau, Sin-Min Huang
3
大學通識音樂教育的推廣與實踐
/ 簡山根    Shan-Ken Chien
17
德布西長笛音樂中的開創性
/ 陳惠湄    Hui-Mei Chen
39
大音希聲所聽何物
/ 蘇子媖    Tzu-Ying Su
63
東野主人不善聽嗎?〈聲無哀樂論〉的 兩種聆聽
/ 廖育正    Yu-Cheng Liao
81
高階音樂存有學中的作品類型辯論 是否只對哲學本身有益?
/ 許昊仁    Hao-ren Xu
131
從朱熹理解的古琴聲韻論其音樂美學
/ 劉振維    Cheng-Wei Liu
147
音樂表現的意義和情感 — 從「分析美學」的視角所做的解析
/ 劉悅笛    Yue-Di Liu
181
《莊子‧天運篇》「黃帝咸池論樂」 哲學義蘊新探 — 以鍾泰《莊子發微》 為核心的詮釋
/ 李德材    Te-Tsai Lee
207
高達美《真理與方法》之遊戲概念與音樂連結
/ 華靜慈    Ching-Tzu Hua
233
聲音、音樂及其應用思考
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
263
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