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第 65  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (62)
東野主人不善聽嗎?〈聲無哀樂論〉的 兩種聆聽
Is Dong-Ye-Zhu-Ren not Expert at Listening? The Two Listening Modes in “the Treatise on the Sound without Sorrow and Joy”
作者 廖育正
Author Yu-Cheng Liao
關鍵詞 聲無哀樂論嵇康聲音音樂屬智聆聽
Keywords the Treatise on the Sound without Sorrow and Joy, Ji-Kang, sound, music, wisdom, listening
摘要 〈聲無哀樂論〉專注於一個問題:聲音是否具備哀樂的性質?秦客認為,聲音有哀樂,唯「善聽察者」能聽出。嵇康所化身的東野主人反對這項看法,主張聲音是中性的存在,其中沒有
哀樂。秦客與東野主人的「聽」,意味著兩種不同的體驗模型。

本文指出,「善聽」可以不必建立在「聲有哀樂」的前提,此即表現為東野主人的觀點:聲無哀樂,主體當有另外一種聆聽。簡要地說,秦客之聽,意味著聲音與情感具備連續性;東野主人的觀點,則是讓聽者超克音樂所帶來的「躁靜」等身體反應。嵇康–東野主人推薦「心感於和」的傾聽模式,開啟中國音樂美學的新進路,迥異於巴夫洛夫式古典制約,成為一種屬智的「絕對聆聽」。
Abstract "The Treatise on the Sound without Sorrow and Joy" focuses on the point: does sound has emotion like sorrow and joy? Qin-Ke believes that sound has sorrow and joy, and experts can sense it. Dong-Ye-Zhu-Ren, who is acted by Ji-Kang, opposes this assertion and advocates that sound is neutral existence, and there is no emotion in it. The “listening” of Qin-Ke and Dong-Ye-Zhu-Ren means two different experience modes.

This article points out that "expert at listening" does not require the premise of "sound has sorrow and joy". Just like Dong-Ye-Zhu-Ren’s opinion: sound is without sorrow and joy, so that subject has another listening mode. In a simple word, Qin-Ke's opinion implies that there is relevance between sound and emotion. On the other hand, Dong-Ye-Zhu-Ren suggests listener transcend
physical reaction from sound and music. Ji-Kang recommends the listening mode of "mind senses harmony", this is a new phase of Chinese music aesthetics. It gets rid of Pavlov's classical conditioning, and becomes a wisdom mode of "absolute listening".
創所卅週年紀念專號導言
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
1
訪談音響世界開拓者黃新民
/ 蕭振邦、黃新民    Jenn-Bang Shiau, Sin-Min Huang
3
大學通識音樂教育的推廣與實踐
/ 簡山根    Shan-Ken Chien
17
德布西長笛音樂中的開創性
/ 陳惠湄    Hui-Mei Chen
39
大音希聲所聽何物
/ 蘇子媖    Tzu-Ying Su
63
建置「禮樂」的完型 (Gestalt) 結構 — 禮樂文明的源流、原理與實踐
/ 曾暐傑    Wei-Chieh Tseng
105
高階音樂存有學中的作品類型辯論 是否只對哲學本身有益?
/ 許昊仁    Hao-ren Xu
131
從朱熹理解的古琴聲韻論其音樂美學
/ 劉振維    Cheng-Wei Liu
147
音樂表現的意義和情感 — 從「分析美學」的視角所做的解析
/ 劉悅笛    Yue-Di Liu
181
《莊子‧天運篇》「黃帝咸池論樂」 哲學義蘊新探 — 以鍾泰《莊子發微》 為核心的詮釋
/ 李德材    Te-Tsai Lee
207
高達美《真理與方法》之遊戲概念與音樂連結
/ 華靜慈    Ching-Tzu Hua
233
聲音、音樂及其應用思考
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
263
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