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第 70  期

專題論文
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  (66)
以技藝為中介來看倫理與宗教的連結: 從亞里斯多德出發反思中國哲學
Connection between Ethics and Religion in view of Techne as Medium: Reflection of Chinese Philosophy from Aristotle
作者 汪文聖
Author Wen-Sheng Wang
關鍵詞 亞里斯多德楊儒賓技藝倫理宗教
Keywords Aristotle, Yang Rubin(楊儒賓), Techne, Ethics, Religion
摘要 本文從亞里斯多德的《尼各馬可倫理學》裡找尋實踐的邏各斯與理論的邏各斯連結的依據,從《形上學》裡溯源他的思想:人為的生成以自然的生成為旨向。因此,形上學裡的itia 概念在製作與實踐的領域從人為的往自然的意涵去轉化,進而往arche 去歸趨。本文將製作與實踐的人為活動統稱為技藝,但技藝正如亞里斯多德所舉的健康、航海與求取中庸之道的實踐為例,它們皆旨向自然平衡之道,也就是arche。鑒於亞里斯多德的自然生成的最高層次為宗教性的,本文將實踐的邏各斯與理論的邏各斯連結視為倫理與宗教的連結,而先呈現一些西方當代哲學對此思想的承續與發揮,再從這種思想來看中國哲學裡的相關問題,其中特別對於當代學者如楊儒賓所重視的技藝概念提出討論。
Abstract This article seeks the basis for the connection between practical logos and theoretical logos from Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, and traces his thought from Metaphysics: man-made generations is aiming at natural generations. Therefore, the concept of aitia in Metaphysics is transformed from artificial to natural meaning in the field of production and practice, and then to arche. In this article, the man-made activities of production and practice are collectively referred to as techne, but techne is just like health, sailing, and practice, which seeks the golden mean, as examples. They are all aimed at the way of natural balance, that is, arche. In view of the fact that the highest level of Aristotle’s natural generation is religious, this article regards the connection of practical logos and theoretical logos as the connection of ethics and religion, and first presents some contemporary Western philosophy’s inheritance and developments of this thought, and then look at related issues in Chinese philosophy from this kind of thinking, in particular, discussing the concept of techne that contemporary scholars such as Yang Rubin(楊儒賓)attach importance to.
導言:終極關懷與宗教倫理
/ 陸敬忠    Jing-Jong Luh
1
體系性宗教(際)詮釋學之宗教倫理及 價值規範向度基本問題初探
/ 陸敬忠    Jing-Jong Luh
11
試析嵇康理想人格的宗教向度
/ 陳佩君    Pei-Chun, Chen
49
王陽明哲學的內在化
/ 林維杰    Wei-Chieh Lin
69
「念死」到「慈悲」的轉化:自我覺知 與饒益他者的倫理轉化與超越性
/ 嚴瑋泓    Wei-Hung Yen
95
宗教場域內之詮釋學的實踐 ──Brian Gregor 之呂格爾之宗教詮釋學
/ 黃筱慧    Cristal Huang
115
由休謨之「神蹟觀」反思基督教的 終極關懷倫理觀
/ 楊雨青    Yu-Ching Yang
137
新冠病毒疫情的倫理反思與公共衛生倫理學的建構
/ 李瑞全    Shui-Chuen Lee
197
從儒家視角檢視突發疫情期間以年齡作為醫療資源配置的道德基礎與疑慮
/ 周琬琳    Wan-ling Chou
243
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