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第 70  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (59)
由休謨之「神蹟觀」反思基督教的 終極關懷倫理觀
Reflecting on The Ultimate Concern Ethics of Christianity from Hume’s “Miracles”
作者 楊雨青
Author Yu-Ching Yang
關鍵詞 神蹟自然法則宗教經驗基督教倫理終極關懷
Keywords Miracles, Natural Laws, Religious Experience, Christian Ethics, Ultimate Concern
摘要 休謨為無神論者,對於神蹟與宗教信仰的論述,是從理性的
角度出發。認為違反自然法則的神蹟是不存在的。然而,宗教與科學是分屬於不同範疇,休謨的論述很顯然將此兩者混淆。有神論與無神論最大的差別在於終極關懷的對象不同,而對終極關懷的選擇也影響存在的生命意義與生活的方式,也就是倫理觀的部分。本文主要論述休謨對神蹟論的問題所在,試圖指出其邏輯上的謬誤,轉化過去對於神蹟的定義,並且以現代宗教學的角度以宗教經驗的思維看待上帝存在與神蹟的意義,透過相信進入上帝的啟示與對話中,進一步地反思基督宗教以上帝存在的倫理觀與終極關懷所帶給人生命的意義與價值。
Abstract David Hume is an atheist, and his discussion of miracles and religious beliefs is based on a rational perspective, believing that miracles violating the laws of nature do not exist. However, religion and science belong to different
categories, and Hume’s argument clearly confuses the two. The main difference between theism and atheism is that the objects of ultimate concern are different, and the choice for ultimate concern also affects the meaning of existence and the way of life, which is part of ethics. This article mainly discusses problems with miracles, tries to point out its logical fallacy, and transforms the definition of miracles in the past. Then it rethinks the meaning of God’s existence and miracles from the perspective of modern religious studies of religious experience. Later, it suggests that human beings should receive the revelation and have dialogue with God through faith and further reflections on the meaning and the value of life in light of Christian ethics and the ultimate concern of God’s existence.
導言:終極關懷與宗教倫理
/ 陸敬忠    Jing-Jong Luh
1
體系性宗教(際)詮釋學之宗教倫理及 價值規範向度基本問題初探
/ 陸敬忠    Jing-Jong Luh
11
試析嵇康理想人格的宗教向度
/ 陳佩君    Pei-Chun, Chen
49
王陽明哲學的內在化
/ 林維杰    Wei-Chieh Lin
69
「念死」到「慈悲」的轉化:自我覺知 與饒益他者的倫理轉化與超越性
/ 嚴瑋泓    Wei-Hung Yen
95
宗教場域內之詮釋學的實踐 ──Brian Gregor 之呂格爾之宗教詮釋學
/ 黃筱慧    Cristal Huang
115
以技藝為中介來看倫理與宗教的連結: 從亞里斯多德出發反思中國哲學
/ 汪文聖    Wen-Sheng Wang
163
新冠病毒疫情的倫理反思與公共衛生倫理學的建構
/ 李瑞全    Shui-Chuen Lee
197
從儒家視角檢視突發疫情期間以年齡作為醫療資源配置的道德基礎與疑慮
/ 周琬琳    Wan-ling Chou
243
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