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第 69  期

研究論文
Research Papers

  (97)
幫助受苦者 ──對關懷倫理學中理想關懷行動之分析
Helping Those Who Are Suffering: An analysis of ideal caring actions according to the ethics of care
作者 王嬿翔
Author Yen-Hsiang Wang
關鍵詞 關懷倫理學關懷關係他者倫理意義的對話提升 福祉
Keywords Care ethics, caring relation, the Other, ethical dialogue, the enhancement of well-being.
摘要 本文處理一個問題:從關懷倫理學的觀點,為幫助身邊的受
苦者,什麼是一個符合道德理想的關懷行動?首先我以兩個日常
情境為例,說明缺乏倫理思辨之關懷可能伴隨傷害。其次我根據
關懷倫理學,尤其是諾丁斯提倡的關懷關係,分析理想關懷行動
的對象和特質。第三部份我說明幫助受苦者的具體實踐,包括對
需求的分辨與聆聽、對他者的轉向,以及倫理意義的對話。我指
出,在幫助受苦者的方法上,關懷理論並沒有提出任何通則,也
不是所有的困難都能被解決,但我論證透過關懷關係的建立,尤
其是透過接納「他者」之在場的對話,不但能夠回應受苦者的需
求,也能同時提升關懷者和被關懷者雙方的福祉。
Abstract This article focuses on one question: when it comes to helping those who
are suffering, what actions are ideal according to care ethics? First, I examine
two daily situations to show that caring actions without ethical deliberations
might be accompanied by harm. Then I elaborate on the characteristics of caring
actions according to care ethics, in particular the care relation highlighted by
Nel Noddings. In the third part, I discuss the practices of helping those who are
suffering, including understanding and listening to suffering people’s needs,
turning to the Other, and having an ethical dialogue between the participants. I
point out that there are no general principles of caring actions; besides, caring
actions might not solve the problems faced by suffering people. Nevertheless, I
argue that by developing a care relation with the suffering, especially by
means of dialogues which acknowledge the presence of Others, we can respond
to the needs of the suffering, and in the mean time enhance the well-being of
both parties in the care relation.
導言:從社會招憩到獨鶴與飛
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
環境美感、環境倫理與人類優質生活
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
山貓森林的省思:Singer 個體實踐的 整體論視野
/ 彭春翎    Chuen-Ling Peng
中國商業銀行綠色信貸在 企業環境倫理的應用
/ 郝晉輝    Chin-Hui Hao
《太一生水》水的機體論對 環境教育的啟發
/ 蘇何誠    Ho-Chang Sou
美學教育:Arnold Berleant 對無關乎 利害美學的改造成功了嗎?
/ 廖育正    Yu-Cheng Liao
疫中為易:夕惕若,厲无咎
/ 瞿慎思    Shen-si Qu
「間距」詩學 ──遙遠異質的美感經驗探索
/ 翁文嫻    Man-Han Yung
以《論語》的觀點探討生命教育
/ 蔡林樟    Lin-Chang Tsai
天臺智顗對攝論宗思想的辯難與融會
/ 聶 豪    Nieh Hao
預立醫療照護諮商與諮商倫理
/ 李岳庭    Yueh-Ting Lee
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