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第 69  期

研究論文
Research Papers

  (77)
以《論語》的觀點探討生命教育
Life Education Discussion from Viewpoints of the Analects of Confucius
作者 蔡林樟
Author Lin-Chang Tsai
關鍵詞 生命教育
Keywords :Filial Piety, Fraternal Duty, Loyalty, Faith, and Life Education
摘要 《論語》強調「主體性」與「內在道德性」,是學做人。本文
從孔子由仁行義的相關文獻中,闡發「仁」本身即為價值根源。
因此,針貶諸種以西方哲學理論理解中國傳統思想所可能衍生的
弊病,皆無損儒家踐仁行為產生的價值。
二千多年來,儒家文化的發展都以「仁」為生命最高層的心
靈指標,儒家仁民愛物,慈心不殺,戒殺止暴,其旨出於「所與
民物其大本出於一源。」是以,踐仁的行為本身就是義,若但知
私己而不知仁民愛物,是於大本一源之道已悖而失之矣。
然全書體大思精,不易系統詮釋,本文嘗試藉由不同的思
考、不同的表達方式,把孔子的思想說得更清楚,藉以展示《論
語》之殊勝。
Abstract “The Analects of Confucius” emphasizes the “subjectivity” and “intrinsic
morality”, which means learning to be a man. From relevant literature of
Confucius's benevolence and righteousness, this essay expounds that the
“benevolence” itself is the source of value. Thus, all the shortcomings that may
be derived from the understanding of traditional Chinese thoughts by western
philosophical theories will not damage the value generated by the Confucian
practice of benevolence and righteousness.
For more than two thousand years, the development of Confucian culture
has taken the “benevolence” as the spiritual index of the highest level of life.
Confucian benevolence is to love the people and things, be benevolent not to
kill, and stop killing and violence, and its decree is from “I and all creatures in
the world are from the same one source in the most essence”. Therefore, the
behavior of practicing the benevolence is the righteousness. If one person only
knows to benefit oneself but does not know to love other people and things, it is
contrary to the principle of one source.
However, the whole analects are broad in conception and meticulous in
details, and are not easy to be interpreted systematically. This essay tries to
explain Confucius' thoughts more clearly through different ways of thinking and
expression, so as to show the extraordinary success of the Analects of Confucius.
導言:從社會招憩到獨鶴與飛
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
環境美感、環境倫理與人類優質生活
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
山貓森林的省思:Singer 個體實踐的 整體論視野
/ 彭春翎    Chuen-Ling Peng
中國商業銀行綠色信貸在 企業環境倫理的應用
/ 郝晉輝    Chin-Hui Hao
《太一生水》水的機體論對 環境教育的啟發
/ 蘇何誠    Ho-Chang Sou
美學教育:Arnold Berleant 對無關乎 利害美學的改造成功了嗎?
/ 廖育正    Yu-Cheng Liao
疫中為易:夕惕若,厲无咎
/ 瞿慎思    Shen-si Qu
「間距」詩學 ──遙遠異質的美感經驗探索
/ 翁文嫻    Man-Han Yung
天臺智顗對攝論宗思想的辯難與融會
/ 聶 豪    Nieh Hao
預立醫療照護諮商與諮商倫理
/ 李岳庭    Yueh-Ting Lee
幫助受苦者 ──對關懷倫理學中理想關懷行動之分析
/ 王嬿翔    Yen-Hsiang Wang
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