FaceBook pڭ
第 13  期


Modern in Appearance and Traditional in Value: Pictures of Women in Taiwanese Official Exhibitions of the Japanese Colonial Period
作者 謝世英
Author Shih-ying, Hsieh
關鍵詞 日治時期臺灣美術女性形象現代性良妻賢母父權體制
Keywords Japanese colonial period, Taiwanese art, images of women, modernity, good wife and wise mother, patriarchy
摘要 摩登女子是廿世紀初現代性的象徵,反映了亞洲文化的進步,以及日本大東亞帝國的權力象徵。日治時期臺灣官辦展覽會畫作中裝扮時髦,燙捲短髮、腳踩高跟鞋、著西式洋裝,甚至露臂等的摩登形象,活動與生活卻侷限在花園中拍蝴蝶、摘花,或在深閨中閒適地玩樂器、沈思,似不愁吃穿、不需工作,成為外貌摩登但內在氣質溫婉的傳統女性特徵。有研究質疑這類女性形象與當時婦女解放運動中反抗父權、反抗殖民權威的「新女性」形象相比,其差異性是值得探討的複雜議題。
Abstract During the early 20th century, the images of modern women reflected the progress of modern of Asian countries as well as symbolized the power of the Japanese empire. These images appeared in Taiwan's official art exhibitions during the Japanese colonial period. They are fashionably dressed, with short permed hair, Western-style clothes, and sometimes high heeled shoes. However, in these paintings these modern women were always restricted to domestic settings, such as private garden or family rooms, doing activities such as catching butterflies, reading books, playing musical instruments, or simply doing nothing. They were seen as modern. But when these images of women are compared to the “new woman” images of recent times, which are reflective of the anti-patriarchal, anti-colonial aspects of the women's liberation movement, there is clearly a great difference between them.
This study analyzes images of women in works shown in the official exhibitions, particularly the “Taiwanese women of the 1930s”. This type of woman was modern in outer appearance, yet charged with a traditional inner sentiments. They express an idealized traditional woman who is a “good wife and wise mother”
despite the modern appearance. The study revisits visual codes including women's apparel, hair styles and accessories, as well as postures, activities, and their spatial settings in paintings. In addition, this study focuses on the critiques of woman's fashion in the Taiwan Nishinishi shimpo to find the often conflicting issues between modern and traditional. It examines women's education and arranged marriages in Taiwan during the Japanese colonial period. Through this analysis of women's images, this study leads to a new way of understanding important issues surrounding the construction of Taiwanese identity and colonialism's impact on Taiwan.
/ 巫佩蓉    Pei-Jung WU
/ 孫松榮    Song-yong Sing
© 2017 NCU Journal of Humanities. All Rights Reserved.