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第 34  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (344)
德國哲學界之新道家詮釋——海德格( Heidegger )與 沃爾法特( Wohlfart )
The New Interpretation of Daoism in German Philosophy - Heidegger and Wohlfart
作者 鍾振宇
Author Chen-Yu Chung
關鍵詞 道家海德格沃爾法特
Keywords Heidegger, Wohlfart, Daoismus, Taoismus, Daoism, Taoism
摘要 本文主要以海德格( Martin Heidegger, 1889-1976 )與沃爾法特( Gunter Wohlfart, 1943- )為討論對象。海德格所代表的,可說是二十世紀德國哲學家對於道家思想之最深刻的對話。當然,如同哲學家之所應為,海德格並不是以解釋道家思想為主;他的目的主要在於,藉由與道家的對話,從而利用道家概念來豐富其自身的思想。沃爾法特則更深入道家思想的研究,雖然其本身不太懂中文,但是他參考了德文、英文、法文等西方語文關於道家研究的文獻,也嘗試與漢學家一起逐字解讀老子文本,因此,其作品有一些新的哲學洞見。
文章分為四部份:
壹、海德格的道家接受:「哲學家式的自由相應」
貳、沃爾法特的道家接受:「歐洲道家式的體現」
參、海德格與沃爾法特之道家詮釋:以「道」、「無為」為例
肆、結語:由哲學界道家詮釋而來之跨文化哲學問題
Abstract This article discusses mainly (on) the interpretation of Daoism by Martin Heidegger and Gunter Wohlfart. Heidegger represents the deepest dialog with Daoism between German philosophers in twenty centuries. His aim is, through the dialog with Daoism, to use the concepts of Daoism to enrich his own thought. Wohlfart on the contrary goes deep into the kernel of Daoism thought. Although he does not know Chinese very well, he refers to German, English and French literatures about Daoism. He also attempts to read Laozi word by word with Sinologists. That is why there are many insights in his works.
This article is divided into four parts:
1• Heidegger's reception of Daoism: the free resonance by philosopher
2• The reception of Daoism by Wohlfart
3• The interpretation of Taoism by Heidegger and Wohlfart
4• Conclusion: The transcultural problems aroused from the philosophical research of Daoism.
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/ 林維杰    Wei-chieh Lin
1
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63
從hermeneuein至文本理解之義理生成發展:辯證性——系統性及體系性詮釋學理論基本網絡
/ 陸敬忠    Jing-Jong Luh
97
我們可以溫柔地互看嗎?論梅洛龐蒂與伊希嘉黑的視覺觀
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141
Henry Miller's Painterly Eye
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2046 de Wong Kar-wai:Topologie d'un secret ou piege psychanalytique?
/ Erik Bordeleau    
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艾佛瑞茲著,王慶蘋、華宇譯,《野蠻的上帝 :自殺的人文研究》
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艾莉斯.馬利雍.楊著,何定照譯,《像女孩這樣丟球:論女性身體經驗》
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261
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