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第 58  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (96)
酷兒左翼「超英趕美」?「同性戀正典化」的偏執及臺灣同志運動的修復詮釋
The Queer Paranoia of Homonormativity and Reparative Reading of the Taiwanese LGBT Movement
作者 劉文
Author Wen Liu
關鍵詞 酷兒理論同性婚姻同性戀正典化同志運動新自由主義
Keywords Queer Theory, Same-Sex Marriage, Homonormativity, LGBT movement, Neoliberalism
摘要 近年來,同性婚姻成為臺灣同志社群中重要的政治議題,將
婚納入基本人權及公民權之訴求,是同婚運動的主要策略;於此同時,反對聲浪如酷兒左翼,其對於婚家體制之批判,以及同婚運動即是同志主體走入必然「正典化」的諸多觀察,在運動中亦形成極具影響力的抵制派。針對臺灣同婚運動的來自酷兒左翼的批判,多數採納由觀察美國新自由主義脈絡中所生產的酷兒論述,然而兩地政經及運動脈絡不同,筆者認為應該避免將兩地同婚的進程直接複製。有鑑於此,本篇論文將透過闡明美國新自由主義之發展,以及性治理政策如何影響當地同志運動歷史進程,質疑「同性戀正典化」一詞挪用至臺灣脈絡的合理性及實際性;此外,筆者亦將藉賽菊蔻對於酷兒研究方法學的反思,提出酷兒批判應用於運動層面的限制,並用以帶給臺灣同婚運動一個反二元對立路線的可能。
Abstract Same-sex marriage has become an important political issue in the LGBT communities in Taiwan within the past few years. The marriage equality movement emphasizes that marriage is a basic human right and adopts the rhetoric of citizenship to seek LGBT inclusion in the nation-state. At the same time, a queer left that critiques the LGBT inclusionary effort into the nationstate and the normalizing forces of same-sex marriage has also solidified as a strong voice and politics against same-sex marriage in this debate. In this paper, through clarifying the historical context of the marriage equality movement and the specificity of neo-liberal sexual governance in the United States, I question the intelligibility and effectiveness of the queer left's appropriation of the discourse of "homonormativity" in the Taiwanese context. Drawing from Eve Sedgwick's reflexive critiques on paranoid hermeneutics of suspicion commonly practiced by queer theorists, I point to the limits of directly employing queer critiques as a political strategy, and the possibility of an antibinary stance on the same-sex marriage debate in the current movement.
同性婚姻面面觀 — 專題導言
/ 甯應斌    Yin-Bin Ning
1
「婚姻平權」的反思
/ 關啟文    Kai-Man Kwan
13
為何同性戀平權不是同婚的有效理由?— 兼論剩餘認可
/ 甯應斌(卡維波)    Yin-Bin Ning
57
只破不立,無以為繼 — 談毀家廢婚派的幾點問題
/ 何思瑩    Szu-Ying Ho
69
以信任機制探討伴侶契約對同志親密關係的平等保障
/ 邱子安    Zi-An Chiu
129
從伴侶制重新思考共同生活的可能
/ 郭彥伯    Yen-Bo Kuo
159
排除與補殘 — 從晚近同婚倡議探究臺灣性別政治鬥爭
/ 洪凌    Lucifer Hung
175
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