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第 58  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (56)
為何同性戀平權不是同婚的有效理由?— 兼論剩餘認可
Equality and Surplus Recognition in Same-Sex Marriage
作者 甯應斌(卡維波)
Author Yin-Bin Ning
關鍵詞 同性婚姻平權論證剩餘認可
Keywords Same-Sex Marriage, Gay Equality Argument, Surplus Recognition
摘要 這篇文章旨在為本專號讀者介紹同婚爭議的一個基本討論。本文首先轉譯改寫美國社群主義的論點,即同性婚姻的平權論證應轉向婚姻目的之討論,作者則提示此一討論必須回溯在地婚姻的歷史發展與現代轉換過程。接著文章指出:同婚的贊成與反對雙方均圍繞著「剩餘認可」的鬥爭,也就是國家承認同婚時也多餘額外地承認同性戀的正當性。一種解決之道則是消除剩餘認可,但是國家不必非要退出婚姻制度不可;制度改良與話語創新有其必要。
Abstract This article is meant to be an introduction for the Chinese reader to a widely known discussion in the same-sex marriage controversy. It first utilizes American communitarian argument indicating the shortcomings of the reason that supports same-sex marriage based on equality. If the real issue, as communitarians suggest, is the purpose (function or value) of marriage, the historical development and modern transformation of Chinese marriage should be examined. The article then shows what seems to motivate both sides of the controversy is the struggle for surplus recognition, that is, when the state recognizes the legitimacy of gay marriage, the state additionally recognizes the legitimacy of gayness. A way to minimize the controversy seems to be minimizing the surplus recognition, which can be achieved in other ways than the state backing out the marriage institution; thus, a call for the innovation in both institutional reform and discourse renewal.
同性婚姻面面觀 — 專題導言
/ 甯應斌    Yin-Bin Ning
1
「婚姻平權」的反思
/ 關啟文    Kai-Man Kwan
13
只破不立,無以為繼 — 談毀家廢婚派的幾點問題
/ 何思瑩    Szu-Ying Ho
69
酷兒左翼「超英趕美」?「同性戀正典化」的偏執及臺灣同志運動的修復詮釋
/ 劉文    Wen Liu
101
以信任機制探討伴侶契約對同志親密關係的平等保障
/ 邱子安    Zi-An Chiu
129
從伴侶制重新思考共同生活的可能
/ 郭彥伯    Yen-Bo Kuo
159
排除與補殘 — 從晚近同婚倡議探究臺灣性別政治鬥爭
/ 洪凌    Lucifer Hung
175
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