FaceBook pڭ
第 68  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (82)
病人自主權 ──從善終論生命自主的困境與出路
Patient’s Right of Autonomy: On the Problem of the Autonomy of Life and Its Solution from the Perspectvie of Good Death
作者 蕭玉霜
Author Yu-Shuang Hsiao
關鍵詞 病人自主權利法善終生命自主權預立醫療決定
Keywords Patient Right Autonomy Act, Good Death, Autonomy of life, Advance Decision
摘要 當《病人自主權利法》訴諸法律宣稱為保障疾病中生命自主
權,旨在保有生命尊嚴與最後的價值。這是病人生命終點的最後
關注嗎?本文從生命價值面探討《病人自主權利法》的意義,追
尋保障生命末期免除病痛之苦的歷程,再從臨床案例考察眾人生
命末期之需求,發現生命即將結束時的需求,除了免除逃避病痛
之外,還有承擔、愛與承諾,守護此生所愛最後之責。本文認為
《病人自主權利法》立意良善,然而預立醫療決定僅表態未來的
醫療與死亡方式,對於生命其他價值之完成實有不足。首先真正
生命的困境是:在擺脫身體的病苦之外,面對即將到來的死亡,
以及揮別家人的「道別」能力與勇氣;其次擔憂至親喪親之慟後
如何生、死兩相安;儼然在心跳停止前的意識中,守護所愛才是
生命的最終關注;最終《病人自主權利法》僅能提醒我們生命要
有所準備才能自主,經由「生、死」的課程學習中「生命」「自
主」的預約與實踐,擁有面對自己與至親死亡的勇氣與能力,透過醫護團隊提供照護諮商及實質的照護行動找到生命的出口。
Abstract The Patient Right Autonomy Act is a proclamation in the form of a law to
protect the autonomy of the patient. Its aim is to retain the dignity of life and its
last value. But is this the ultimate concern of the patient at the end of his or her
life? This paper explores the meaning of the Act from the perspective of the
value of life, analyses the process of protecting patients from suffering of life,
and then examines the needs of a patient at the end of life from clinical cases.
We found that besides the avoiding of suffering, there are burdens, love and
commitments to the everlasting responsibility to those loved ones of this life.
I believe that this Patient Right Autonomy Act is well-intended, but the
advance medical decision only states the way of medical treatment and death,
and it is not enough to fulfil other values of life that appeal to the terminal
patient. First of all, the dilemma of real life is: in addition to getting rid of the
physical suffering, facing the upcoming death, we need the capability and
courage in saying goodbye to members of the family; secondly, worrying about
how relatives could live peacefully with those survived and the dead after bereavement, it seems that in the consciousness of the patient before the
heartbeat stops, guarding the love ones is the ultimate concern of his or her life.
In the end, the Act only reminds us that we must be living prepared in order to
have autonomy. It is through the preparation and practice of “living” and
“autonomy” in the training of a course of in “life and death”, that we have the
courage and ability to face the death of ourselves and loved ones. Through the
consultation of medical care and substantive care service provided by the
medical team that we find the exit of living autonomously and a good death.
從臨終死亡的概念與儒家親子關係反省 病人自主權利法之意涵1
/ 李瑞全    Shui-Chuen Lee
從《民法典侵權責任編(草案)(二次審 議稿)》第九百九十五條談「臨床醫療強 制干預權」的失範
/ 胡曉翔    Xiao-Xiang Hu
從佛教的觀點談病人自主權
/ 釋照量    Zhao-Liang Shih
從儒家的觀點省察台港兩地有關 活體器官捐贈的相關規定
/ 黃漢忠    Hon-Chung Wong
© 2017 NCU Journal of Humanities. All Rights Reserved.