FaceBook pڭ
第 31  期

一般論文
General Article

  (144)
Literati Culture in Ming Dynasty Drinking Games Using Cards
明代酒牌中的文人文化
作者 Andrew Lo
Author 盧慶濱
關鍵詞 card games, wine cards, literati culture, the cultured and the common joining in appreciation
Keywords 葉子戲、酒牌、文人文化、雅俗共賞
摘要 酒牌遊戲,大部分為文人、士大夫所創,至明代中、晚期,極為盛行。本文旨在介紹這類遊戲,包括分類、內容和規則。文人宴會中所用的酒牌,其圖案、文字,是以歷代才子、名妓、美女、歷史人物,以及跟飲酒和金錢有關的人事典故為主;或是以詩歌、戲曲、小說的人物為題材。若欲充分欣賞和進行這類遊戲,必須相當熟悉文人筆下所用的典故。通過這些酒牌上的文字內容和遊戲背景的描述,我們可以了解到文人、士大夫的社交生活,並進而洞悉其某一面向的價值觀。再者,一般人只要能看懂酒牌上的指令,就能進行酒令遊戲,所以這類酒牌也流行於其他階層,我們可藉以得見民眾對文人雅文化的嚮往。從明代酒牌的流傳,展現明代雅、俗各階層共同沉浸於優雅文化的實際狀況,所謂的「雅俗共賞」,在明代的酒牌文化中體現無遺。
Abstract Most of the drinking games using cards were invented by literati and scholar-officials, and these were quite popular in the mid and late Ming periods. This article introduces these games, with classification, description and introduction to method of play. The cards used in these games in banquet gatherings of the literati mainly depict talented scholars, famous courtesans, beauties, historical figures, including those associated with drinking or money, and characters from poetry, drama and fiction. To fully appreciate these cards and to play, one had to be quite familiar with the textual allusions used by the literati. From the texts printed on individual cards, and those describing the background of these games, we get a glimpse of the social lives and values of literati and scholar-officials. Again, these card games were open to all who could read at least the instructions, and with the transmission of these games to those of a different class, we get an understanding of their genteel aspirations. From the culture and transmission of drinking cards in the Ming period, we see the cultured and the common joining in the appreciation of the refined.
編輯室報告
專號序
/ 王次澄、李力庸    Tzi-cheng Wang, Li-yung Lee
《文心雕龍》的通變論
/ 朱曉海    Sherman Chu
1
漢語詩律學研究的新材料與新問題——論唐代碑志銘詞韻式之新變
/ 程章燦    Zhangcan Cheng
37
「奪胎換骨」的新變——晏幾道《小山詞》「詩人句法」之借鑒詩句探析
/ 卓清芬    Ching-fen Cho
65
「詩窮而後工」的歷史考察
/ 鞏本棟    Bendong Gong
121
日治時期霧峰水利組織與地域社會的演變
/ 劉素芬    Sufen Liu
145
建構新「祖國」——鄭彥棻時期(民國39-47年)的僑務工作
/ 李道緝    Tao-chi Lee
181
羅整菴、李栗谷理氣論的涵義
/ 楊祖漢    Cho-hon Yang
209
Roetz, Heiner. Die chinesische Ethik der Achsenzeit: Eine Rekonstruktion unter dem Aspekt des Durchbruchs zu postkonventionellem Denke
/ 林遠澤    
289
朱德蘭,《台灣總督府と慰安婦》
/ 伊藤桃子    
299
Damousi, Joy. Freud in the Antipodes: A Cultural History of Psychoanalysis in Australia
/ Jean-Francois Vernay    
313
Virno, Paolo. A Grammar of the Multitude
/ Lily Wong    
321
© 2017 NCU Journal of Humanities. All Rights Reserved.