This article focuses on the topic of Shuilong Hui held in late-Qing Shanghai. Centering on issues regarding visuality and visual culture, this article investigates the urban scenery and cultural meaning which Shuilong Hui presents and demonstrates by means of analyzing words and pictures from late-Qing newspapers and illustrated magazines. The section two briefly describes the historic background and context of Shuilong Hui. The main text discusses Shen Bao and Dianshi Zhai Huabao’s description and records of Shuilong Hui, and develops the main argument from the angle of “seeing” and “vision”. From fire-fighting exercises to activities in celebration of western authority, the host of Shuilong Hui made use of visual display so as to establish and reinforce a concept that the West is a paradigm to late-Qing China. In addition, by seeing the elaborately decorated parade of technological objects, Shuilong Hui’s audience’s experience of visual modernity was also a manifestation of Shanghai’s advanced material civilization. Referring to a report written by a western spectator of Shuilong Hui, it clearly demonstrates that the intention of Shuilong Hui was to manifest the influence of western authority and civilization on Shanghai through visual stimulation. Therefore, the historical value and significance of Shuilong Hui lies in its representation of western characteristics and urban imagination of late-Qing Shanghai.