This article discusses the viewpoints that Shen De-qian selected the five-character lushi of Cen San, and examines whether the selected poems meet the conditions that Shen promoted. The article, in addition to the forewords and the conclusions, contains four major parts: First, the conditions of the five-character lushi which Shen selected; second, the criticism to the poetry skill of Cen San; third, the criticism to the poetry contents of Cen San; fourth, induction to the esthetic standard of Shen.
The author analyzes the principle of Shen’s selecting poems and the esthetic standard of Shen, and induces the characteristics of five-character lushi and Cen poetry based on Shen’s criticism in the Tang shi bie cai ji “five-character lushi”, Ming shi bie cai ji “five-character lushi” and Qing shi bie cai ji “five-character lushi”, and the books containing comments on poetry by successive generations. Finally I comes to the conclusion because Cen San’s poetry focuses on the literary elegance and the rules of tonal pattern and emotion, and is good at describing events and expressing feelings and describing scenery, and the way of expressing is implied deep meanings. That is the reason why his poems were selected into Tang shi bie cai ji by Shen De–qian and treated as the model for learners. The standard of being good at describing events and expressing feelings and describing scenery is applied extensively for the criticism of Cen San poetry in the Tang shi bie cai ji, and that is reason why the author discusses the portion in many ways. The portion is without discussion in the academic circles.