Huang Tsung-hsi 黃宗羲 was grown up in an academic atmosphere full of Confucian ideals and values instructed by the Ancient Classics. In addition to his Confucian trainings, the calamities of the nation and family reinforced his moral distinction between gentlemen and villians. As a good historian, Huang cautiously treated the historical materials and his comments. Nevertheless, whenever he faced the issues concerning moral judgements or his own personal experiences, Huang from time to time turned out to be arbitrary and emotional. Within his two works dealing with the Southern Ming Regimes, The Valid Records of the Hung-kuang Reign 《弘光實錄鈔》 and The History of the Acting Regimes 《行朝錄》, Huang cited books like True Records about the Year 1644 《甲申傳信錄》, Records about what I know 《所知錄》, Fragmentary Records after the Holocaust 《劫灰錄》, which were all reliable, though partially biased by the Tung-lin 東林 viewpoint. This article enumerated a few examples to illustrate how Huang, in order to manifesting Confucian values, exaggerated or even distorted some historical facts. Since his eldest son, Pai-chia 百家, and a close disciple, Wan Szu-t’ung 萬斯同, were recruited to dominate the compilation of Ming History 《明史》, the official text of the Ming Dynasty, Huang’s studies of the Southern Ming were further authorized and broadly cited without hesitation. This article hopefully can provide a second thought over both Huang Tsung-hsi’s historical works and the studies of the Southern Ming.