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第 57  期

一般論文
General Article

  (1049)
黑格爾論上帝存在的證明
Hegel on the Proofs of the Existence of God
作者 劉愛民
Author Ai-min Liu
關鍵詞 上帝黑格爾《邏輯學》神學存有學證明
Keywords God, Hegel, Science of Logic, theology, ontological proof
摘要 從上帝的全知觀點來解讀黑格爾《邏輯學》,則《邏輯學》是神性理念自身展現「內在的聖三一」的演化過程,在此義上,《邏輯學》是神哲學的一部份,亦即精粹內核部份。但若從有限精神的發展觀點來解讀的話,則有限精神通過直覺、情感、表象等認知階段,提昇到在純粹思想的以太中,展現神性理念的演化,因此回歸到神性本質的聖父王國,在此義上,《邏輯學》是宗教哲學。這個回歸上帝的過程所通過的每一個環節都是一個精神證言,整個過程則構成了一個朝向上帝的精神之旅。因為上帝是理性的,因此這個精神證言過程是一個理性過程,展現為一邏輯系列發展的「上帝存在的證明」。
Abstract Hegel’s Science of Logic, when read from the omniscient viewpoint of God which explicates the evolution of the divine idea, constitutes the inner core of philosophical theology. Whereas, when read from the perspective of finite spirit, Science of Logic displays the thinking spirit’s elevation to God in the pure ether of thought on his return to the kingdom of divine essence. Each stage in the journey of spiritual ascents is a proof for the existence of God. God’s self-manifestation is a doubling process: The way God comes to know godself in humanity and the way humanity comes to know himself in God are ultimately the same.
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