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第 21  期

學術論文
Article

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十九、二十世紀之交英文著作中的東亞畫史建構: 以對宋代與室町宗教人物畫評價為例
Western Writings on the History of East Asian Paintings at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Issues in Song and Muromachi Religious Paintings
作者 巫佩蓉
Author Pei-jung Wu
關鍵詞 李公麟明兆安得森賓揚翟理斯東亞繪畫史
Keywords Li Gonglin, Mincho, William Anderson, Laurence Binyon, Herbert A. Giles, history of the East-Asian painting
摘要 本文以William Anderson(安得森,1842-1900)、Herbert A. Giles (翟理斯,1845-1935)及Laurence Binyon(賓揚,1869-1943)的著作內容,探討十九、二十世紀之交西方人撰寫東亞畫史時,知識架構的形塑特性。
近年學界對東亞美術史學發展歷程的研究十分熱絡,然大部份學者對十九、二十世紀之交的萌芽期往往簡略帶過。並且,在當前學科細分的影響下,多數美術史學史研究以國別為界,並未充分探討早期作者經常並置中日美術於一書之中的意義。
本文首先指出:Anderson 1886 出版的《日本繪畫藝術》,書名中雖無「中國」,卻開啟了西方人評價中日宗教人物畫的模式。他兼重日本傳統文獻記載與實存畫跡,研究取徑近於今日美術史學科。其次,對比Anderson 與Giles 著作內容特性,可發現這兩位分別居於日本與中國多年的作者,在研究方法上頗為不同。筆者認為此須歸因於中日兩地,在世紀之交,文化環境上的巨大差異,尤其牽涉到古代畫史中的名作是否可見。
Binyon則代表另一類型的作者。他在1908年出版《遠東繪畫》之前,未曾踏入亞洲。本文亦探索海外作者可能掌握的資料,試析來自中國與日本資料的不同特性,進一步探討影響西方作者書寫角度的因素。
Abstract In this study, I focus on three English writers, William Anderson (1842-1900), Herbert A. Giles (1845-1935), and Laurence Binyon (1869-1943), whose books on East Asian painting were published during the late 19th and the early 20th centuries.
Many researchers have investigated the historiography of the East Asian art history, but only limited attention has been paid to developments at the turn of the 20th century. Most publications deal either the art history of China or Japan, with only limited attention paid to the relationship between the two.
Anderson published The Pictorial Arts of Japan in 1886. Even though this book was on Japanese painting, the author's discussion established a new way of viewing the East Asian religious figure painting and greatly influenced later writers. Relying on both documents and art works, Anderson approached writing his book in a manner similar to that of today's art historians. Moreover, comparing Anderson and Giles, we find that Westerners living in Japan and China employed different research methods when writing about East Asian painting histories. I consider the major reason for their distinctive means of studying was due to the differing availability of ancient paintings in different areas.
Binyon represents another type of writer. When he published his book, Painting in the Far East, in 1908, he had no experience of traveling in the East Asia. This paper will also probe the issue of the type of materials available to overseas Westerners. I consider whether materials from China and Japan were of different natures, and what were the key elements influencing Western writers' approaches to East Asian art histories.
「選擇」及「轉譯」: 全球史視野下的「西洋」多層木套杯
/ 施靜菲    Ching-fei Shih
1
展演女性氣質:海沃頓家庭相本與維多利亞少女形象
/ 黃桂瑩    Kuei-ying Huang
125
亞洲極簡主義的詩學: 小津安二郎、侯孝賢、是枝裕和電影的長鏡遠景美學
/ 吳怡芬    I-fen Wu
209
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