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第 57  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (73)
臨床倫理的現象學考量
The Phenomenological Consideration in Clinical Ethics
作者 王心運
Author Shin-Yun Wang
關鍵詞 現象學原則主義決疑論有效性
Keywords Phenomenology, Principlism, Casuistry, Validity
摘要 本文著重分析臨床倫理裡的原則主義、決疑論以及現象學方法,且強調了現象學方法的優點。從知識論的觀點看來,原則主義與決疑論以模擬知識論得到的客觀性仍屬於弱化的客觀性,因為它們預設原則與典範(模型)本身即具有客觀普遍性,但對於混雜著不確定的醫學知識與臨床價值衝突時,這樣的客觀性並沒有辦法捕捉臨床的真實情境。本文認為,透過現象學的有效性分析,可以增進臨床工作者更多思考倫理策略與行動的可能性。
Abstract This article will analyse three important clinical ethics methods, such as principlism, casuistry and phenomenology, and it will emphasize the advantages of phenomenology. From the view point of epistemology, the objectivities of principlism and casuistry which are gained by simulating epistemology are "weak objectivities". That is, although they suppose their principles and paradigms (models) have the objective generalities, they can't catch the clinical situations in reality which is composed of the uncertainties in medical knowledge and the conflicts of moral values. We conclude that it may promote profession in the health care to obtain the possibilities to think about more strategies and activities by practicing the method of phenomenological validity-analysis.
從Hardwig的「死亡義務」觀點論家庭與醫療決策
/ 林雅萍    Ya-Ping Lin
17
倫理、敘事與美好生活的追求
/ 林慧如    Hui-Ju Lin
41
從納斯邦、丹尼爾斯之健康照護需求觀點論長期照護之實踐與挑戰
/ 蕭玉霜    Yu-Shuang Hsiao
55
墨學方法於當代醫學倫理之應用
/ 蕭宏恩    Hung-En Hsiao
83
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