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第 60  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (62)
內在價值的反思
The Reflection of Intrinsic Value
作者 瞿慎思
Author Shen-Si Qu
關鍵詞 內在價值人類中心易傳君子
Keywords intrinsic value, anthropocentrism, Yi-zhuan, the virtuous person
摘要 「內在價值」(intrinsic value) 之於環境倫理學的眾多主張之間,是一個相當核心且重要的議題。許多重要的說法,必須先透過此概念的釐定,才得以架構其學說論述,尤其是在生態中心主義或生命中心主義。「內在價值」的論述策略,主要是透過肯定非人類的自然成員適用這樣的核心概念,不論是「抬高」其他自然成員的道德地位,或是「降低」人類原來的道德地位,其企圖在於將人類與其他自然成員的地位做出平等的道德考量。以達到對其他自然成員甚至是生態整體的保護、尊敬與珍視。不過這概念的提出也引發不同立場的主張,然則其概念發展的重要性在於生態界的其他存有物的珍視與保護立場上又是不容忽略的論述。是以,
如果從穩固的論證策略來看,如何尋求一種並陳甚至可以取代的論證,對於環境倫理學的發展就有其必要性。此篇文章在於提出從儒家思想中,特別是《易傳》對於「君子成德」的律己原則,來發展出自我實現時,如何在道德上照應的自然成員的各種層面,透過這樣的取徑,重構內在價值的概念與實踐層面的可能。
Abstract Among the various statements of environmental ethics, the concept of intrinsic value is an important and core issue. Before the scholars found their main discourses, they usually have to clarify this concept first for their stance, especially for the ecocentrism and biocentrism. The strategies of discussion about intrinsic value try to endow the other beings with intrinsic value; either to raise the moral status of other members in nature, or to devalue the original moral status of human being, it tries to make an equal consideration between human and other members in nature, aiming at the protection, respect and cherishing for nature. However, the proposition of the concept of intrinsic value arouses the different viewpoints. Such debates show that concept of intrinsic value is necessary for the developing the notion of environmental ethics. I wonder if there is any more stable argument to replace the controversies. I suggest the autonomy principles of Confucianism mentioned in Yi-zhuan, especially the self-accomplishment of a virtuous person who tries his/her best to take care all aspects of the environment, including other members in nature. By such approach, I try to rebuild the concept of intrinsic value and its practice.
環境的倫理與感性的擅揚 — 專題導言
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
1
萍水不相逢?— 李安電影中「倫理」與「自由」 美學之衝突
/ 曹予恩    Yu-En Tsao
7
環境美學:東方與西方的對話
/ 〔美〕荷姆斯‧羅斯頓Ⅲ(著)、〔中〕齊君(譯)    Holmes Rolston, III (translated by Jun Qi)
23
環境倫理學與環境美學的東西差異 — 與Holmes Rolston, III商榷
/ 〔中〕劉悅笛    Yue-Di Liu
47
覺之教育的環境倫理與環境美學
/ 高柏園    Po-Yuan Kao
75
環境德行倫理學的研究趨勢
/ 程進發    Chin-Fa Cheng
93
從環境美學探討環境教育的場域概念
/ 張育銘    Yu-Ming Zhang
123
以美攻美 — 《莊子》肯定「自然全美」嗎?
/ 廖育正    Yu-Zheng Liao
137
公園之美:環境經濟理論的解題探究
/ 彭春翎    Chuen-Ling Peng
163
論瑞秋卡森海洋三書裡的幾個哲學問題
/ 徐佐銘    Tsuo-Ming Hsu
219
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