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第 65  期

一般論文
General Article

  (2173)
老子性超善惡論評析
Human Nature as Transcending both Good and Evil in the Laozi: A Critical Review
作者 蕭振聲
Author Siu, Chun-Sing
關鍵詞 老子人性論性超善惡
Keywords Laozi, Theory of Human Nature, Xing as Transcending both Good and Evil
摘要 就晚近老學發展可見,老子人性論研究並未因“老子”不言「性」字而出現窒礙;相反,或許正是由於擺脫了字詞觀念的束縛,老子人性論的詮釋空間才得以大幅拓展。譬如有謂老子倡言「人性自然」,有謂老子主張「人性本真」,亦有謂老子是某一型態的性善論者,更有謂老子之人性思想唯「性超善惡」可當之。在這些詮釋中,「性超善惡論」常為學人倡說,亦廣泛見於各種道家研究或中國哲學史之論著。因此,對性超善惡論作一綜合性的引介,並評析其優劣得失,在老子人性論的探討工作上,當能起到一些澄清思路,發現問題,從而去蕪存菁的效用。當然,評析並不涵蘊提出善解,但對於善解的提出來說,卻無疑是一項具有方法論意義的預備工作。
Abstract Instead of an obstacle to the study of the theory of human nature in the Laozi, the absence of the term xing has commonly seen as permitting scholars to provide various interpretations on how Laozi defines xing, say, xing as something natural (xing ziran Between genuine, the last can be said to be the prevalent one, given that it has widely be mentioned in In this sense, it is reasonable to expect that, by reviewing the notion of xing chao shan e in a critical way, some basically details or logical consequences that help understanding Laozi's attitude toward Xing will be clarified. Although critically reviewing the notion of xing chao shan e does not imply reinterpreting it in a much more reasonable way, the former, methodologically speaking, serves undoubtedly as a preparation for the latter.
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