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第 29  期

專題論文
Special Issue

  (181)
康德的永續發展基礎
The Kantian Foundation of Sustainable Development
作者 Martin Schonfeld
Author Martin Schonfeld
關鍵詞 永續發展環保政策定然律令生物中心主義系統性的基礎
Keywords sustainable development, environmental policy, Kant, categorical imperative, biocentrism, systematic foundation
摘要 此文係針對永續發展(環保政策之領綱)和定然律令(康德享名之道德原則)之檢視。永續發展在廿一世紀已儼然脫穎而出成為環保政策的全球指標。姑不論其重要性,此環保政策原則尚浮遊於準則性的空泛中。永續發展是為追求人類褔祉、後代子孫的權益和施予自然尊重的行動指導法則。我主張此道德衝力在康德的論說中有其最為完善的分析。我亦將闡明永續發展之模式反映出經由定然律令所表明之道德典範,又此定然律令的三種程式提供了永續發展所欠缺之依據。結合永續發展和定然律令的法則建議了一種對康德原理實際的取讀。這取讀是為定然律令之必然修正-少了它,康德原則便難免於異評。
Abstract
This paper is an examination of sustainable development and the categorical imperative. Sustainable development has emerged as the global guideline of environmental policy in the twenty-first century. Despite its importance, this policy floats in a normative void. Sustainable development is a rule guiding action aimed at human wellbeing, rights of future generations, and respect for nature. I argue that the ethical thrust of this policy is best analyzed in Kantian terms. I shall show that the pattern of sustainable development mirrors the pattern expressed by the categorical imperative, and that the categorical imperative, in its three formulations, supplies the foundation of sustainable development. Connecting sustainable development to the categorical imperative, however, suggests a pragmatic reading of Kant's principle. This reading is a necessary correction of the categorical imperative--without it, Kant's principle could not be saved from objections.
專號序
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
道家環境倫理學之建構及其可能之限度
/ 葉海煙    Hai-Yen Yeh
9
論永續發展及人與天地萬物之關係: 儒家之論述
/ 李瑞全    Shui Chuen Lee
29
論老子思想中的可持續性
/ 高柏園    Po-yuan Kao
49
企業責任與可持續性倫理
/ 葉保強    PK Ip
69
從演化倫理學的立場談非人類中心主義的環境倫理如何可能?
/ 黃柏翰    Po-Han Huang
113
營建防災管理與都市環境倫理
/ 文祖湘、蕭玥涓    Simon C. Wen、Yueh-Jiuan Shiau
133
環境倫理規範及其集體行動之間隙探究
/ 蕭振邦    Jenn-Bang Shiau
157
孟子論辯探究
/ 林憶芝    Yik Chi Lam
193
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