A group of young cinephiles in Hong Kong and Taiwan introduced new trends in western modem cinema to local people in the 1960s. They also made short films and organized screenings to promote independent filmmaking. In the early 1970s some of the Hong Kong students who studied in Taiwan actively participated in campus film activities, published journals to voice their views and opinions, as well as engaged themselves in filmmaking, while a bunch of Taiwanese cultural talents of film and theater moved to Hong Kong. In this period quite a few went to Europe and US for post-graduate film degrees. They came back to Hong Kong and Taiwan to take jobs in film or TV industry and universities. Besides introducing contemporary European and American film techniques and culture to Hong Kong and Taiwan, they contributed a great deal to the close connection between the two places. This article intends to locate the beginning of the new film culture of Hong Kong and Taiwan via writings in the journals published then, personal reflections, and interview. It hopes to sort out how the new cultural forces originated and interacted and how it developed afterwards.