After the Second World War, the Malayan Communist Party(MCP) was recognized as a legitimate political party by the British colonial government because it helped the British colonial government to fight against the Japanese army. The ultimate goal of MCP was to establish a communist regime and calling to people to join the ranks of the anti-colonial movement. Consequently, The British colonial government declared the MCP as an illegal organization, and in June 1948 placed the whole of Malaya into the “state of emergency”. During this period, the consulate of the Republic of China in Malaya has given positive assistance to the problems faced by the Chinese. Although it could not fulfill the expectations of many Chinese or organizations, the active participation from the consulate should be affirmed. The consulate of the Republic of China in Malaya was closed in 1950 and the role in safe guarding the Chinese rights was taken over by the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA).
The establishment of the MCA in 1949 was an important milestone in the history of Malayan Chinese politics. It not only represents the local identity of the Malayan Chinese, but also united the local Chinese under the organization. British colonial government expressed highly support for the establishment of MCA in order to confront the MCP and to win the support of the Chinese community. In the absence of the consulate of the Republic of China and the establishment of the embassy of the People’s Republic of China, MCA played an important role in mediating and improving the tense relation among the Chinese and the local Malay communities. Besides, it also took an active part in various relief activities. This has set a strong foundation for MCA to become a political party as well as the beginning of a new chapter of the Malayan Chinese political development immediately after the Second World War.