Chinese painter Shen Quan (1682-1760?) once sailed to Nagasaki where he remained for about two years (1731-1733). From Nagasaki to Kyoto, Osaka, Edo and other domains, Shen Quan’s bird-and-flower paintings spread to many cities and gained great popularity in 18th-Century Edo Japan. Painters of various schools working under his influence were called the Nanpin school. With a focus on one of Shen Quan’s representative works, Autumn in an old garden (1731, The Seikado Bunko Art Museum), this article firstly clarifies the position of Shen Quan in the context of Chinese art history. Secondly, by comparison with the paintings of the Nanpin school painters, this paper also discussed how the bird-and-flower paintings of the Qing dynasty were transmitted, accepted and transformed in Japan.