This paper studies Kano Sansetsu (1590-1651)'s Taoist Immortals, dated 1646 A.D., and currently preserved in the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. This four sliding panels are presented in Kano Sansetsu's late style, and are representative of how the Eight Immortals are portrayed in the early Edo period. The god sitting under the tree is identified as the Old Man of the Southern Pole and appears
with eight figures, from right to left: Liu Haichan, Han Xiangzi, Li Tieguai, Xue Shenwong, Zonglin Quan, Lü Dongbin, Lan Caihe and Cao Guojiu. Differing from newer images of the Eight Immortals created in the late Ming and Qing dynasties, the Eight Immortals painted on the panels resemble the earliest prototypes from the Jin and Yuan dynasties. Kano Sansetsu's understanding of the history of painting played a critical role in his making of these images of the Eight Immortals.