Around 2010 two plays came out depicting the lives of two female artists: Meng Xiaodong, a Beijing opera about the actress Meng Xiaodong, and A Soul Haunted by Painting, a Western opera in Chinese about the painter Pan Yuliang. Both plays are adaptations of biographies and make ample use of music and lyrics to explore the values and inner emotions of these two female artists. Moreover, instead of depicting a series of events, each play tells its story through the flowing memories and emotions of the protagonist, and different voice levels are interwoven to express a multiplicity of emotions. Also, the various relocations of the protagonists are used to reflect the major shifts in their work, values, and views on gender. Within the restraints of time and space of the theater, each dramatist shows how these two women used the pursuit of art to form their values, and this is what serves as the central theme and impels each character’s emotions and will. In this paper I discuss how each of these productions uses the artistic form of a play to depict these two female artists and their gender consciousness.